People can be divided into three groups: those who are too hygienic; those for whom this concept is completely alien; and those who live in the middle of both extremes. Which group has the least risk of developing a serious bacterial infection?

Apparently, it would seem that the first one. However, the greatest risk accompanies the second group. Of course, this is a mistaken assumption, because excessive hygiene leads to a weakening of the skin’s external protective barrier, disturbance of its pH and microbial composition. Lack of balance in these parameters facilitates colonization of pathogenic microorganisms, which can lead to the development of serious infections. In the case of low hygiene standards, the body is exposed to too intensive contact with various bacteria, which the immune system may not be able to cope with. Therefore, the third option is optimal and advisable. How to implement it? With the help of small and valuable habits!
Is the house a habitat for germs?

Yes, no matter how tidy you are, it is at home that we have to introduce the largest number of healthy antibacterial habits! The basic issue that we must not forget is washing hands after returning home, so as not to lead to the spread of environmental bacteria in the apartment. To do this, you can use an antibacterial gel (which you should also carry with you during the day!), which can cope with a slight “bacterial contamination”.

Washing is extremely important – and we don’t mean the evening bath, but rather hand care, because it’s they who most often come into contact with our face, eyes and lips. But don’t exaggerate! It is definitely enough if you wash your hands after coming home and before every meal.

Another basis is to maintain order in the kitchen, where the meal preparation process can create a risk of infection. Washing fruit and vegetables is absolutely essential! If you eat raw – wash thoroughly in warm water or pour boiling water (or skinless). If you heat them – you can be less strict, because high temperatures during cooking or frying is a very effective bacterial killer!

Food preparation area – clean all worktops with alcohol (another valuable ingredient in the fight against bacteria) before you start cooking. If you can, designate a specific place on the worktop (which you will remember) for meat preparation and separate for other products. Why do you have bacteria? Bacteria that live on meat (Listeria sp. and Salmonella sp.) like to live on the worktop and if they develop, it’s very hard to get rid of them, so it’s better to blow cold and learn healthy habits! Also remember not to wash the meat directly in the sink; preferably in a separate bowl so that the sink does not become infected.

Is it possible to drink tap water?

In the case of tap water, the greatest danger is Escherichia coli, which attacks the digestive system and leads to troublesome diarrhoea. Sometimes it can be found in tap water, but there is a way to do this – cooking! Always drink boiled water and you will avoid unwanted guests in your stomach!
Strengthen your immune system!

Maybe it’s a banal advice, but how important! Strengthen your immune system and take care of your health! Every day you come into contact with a lot of potentially dangerous bacteria and it is thanks to your inner strength that you are able to fight against them! So don’t neglect your immune system and take care of it as your biggest weapon! Pay attention to this especially in winter, when your body is prone to weakness. How to do this? Restrict coffee, don’t smoke, take vitamin C and sleep 8 hours a day!

Author: MA in microbiology Emilia